Global Warming Freezing Over

Jasica Twardus, Feature Reporter

Comparing the past couple winters to those experienced several years ago, one may say that the change is drastic. Just last year Michigan City Area Schools experienced a state of emergency due to the abundant snow. Freezing temperatures and buffeting winds sent citizens into the depths of their homes waiting for a crack of sunshine to break through the clouds. This has left several of the residents here in Michigan City uneasy about the upcoming season. City has already experienced a few flurries this year. Snowfall was even witnessed as early as Halloween.
These frosty occurrences have left people with a doubt amongst their thoughts: Is global warming really happening?
Before we examine this phenomenon we must understand a couple of things. First of all, weather is based off of day to day studies of the forecast. It is focused on the current and thus short term events in consideration to temperature, rain, snow, and sun. When one tries to defy global warming by a few frosty weeks they are overlooking the grand picture. Global warming actually pinpoints on climate. Climate is the long term study of our atmosphere. By paying keen attention to current patterns and delving into past ones, the growing effects of global warming can be easily observed in their differences. One extreme case of alteration can simply be described by the temperature. Just by looking at averages in the last 50 years it can be observed that the temperature has doubled. These changes are expected to increase in the years to come. One of the reasons for this is the greenhouse effect. The earth reflects about 30% of the light that comes from the sun. This is caused by all the clouds in our atmosphere, as well as the ice. The rest of the sunlight is absorbed by the earth. Avoiding the deflecting ice and clouds, the sunlight is taken in by first the land and oceans, and finally the atmosphere. When the earth is warmed it in turn releases heat energy. This thermal infrared radiation enters our atmosphere and combines with greenhouse gases and water vapor. The chemicals heat up and in turn act on the earth. Reflecting back, the radiation causes the surface to increase in temperature. This causes the ice to melt and further decreases earth’s defense from the sun’s rays.
Ever since the industrial revolution, greenhouse gases have been multiplying at a frightening rate. With the assistance of the human population, earth has become a melting pot of fumes. This is a result of burning fossil fuels which create additional greenhouse gases that overwhelm our atmosphere. In addition to the extra carbon dioxide and methane in the air, deforestation has heightened the extremity of the situation. The carbon-consuming vegetation on the earth is slowly being decimated. Without the influx of oxygen and consumption of carbon dioxide greenhouse gases are constantly on the rise.
The greenhouse gases that at first were aiding our planet are now causing an issue. Due to the burning of fossil fuels and growing deforestation, overproduction of greenhouse gases is affecting the earth. Regardless of the frosty snows and the chilling winds that have been recently experienced, global warming is still in effect.
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