Nature vs Nurture debate continues today

Tommy Callaghan, News Editor

“Nature versus Nurture,” is one of the oldest debates of all time and still continues to be. This psychological debate focuses on whether certain traits inherited or acquired. A human’s’ nature is like its hardwiring, a genetic aspect. On the other hand, ‘nurture,’ is the term that deals with how external factors influence a person and the environment we grow up in.

As science has discovered, someone’s color of eyes, straight or curly hair, skin color, and certain diseases are all genes we inherit. But are things like behavioral tendencies, personality types, and mental abilities are also “wired in” before we are even born?

As one might expect, studies have shown that genetics determine what kind of person someone will grow up to be, other studies show the opposite, and more interestingly, other studies even show that how “nature versus nurture,” affects someone is based on where they live.

However, in a recent study by Dr. Beben Benyamin from the Queensland Brain Institute and researchers at the VU University of Amsterdam, after a culmination of more than half a century of research collected on 14.5 million pairs of twins has finally concluded that the nature versus nurture debate is a draw. So many “nature versus nurture,” studies have been conducted using twins because they are so similar and have a lower probability of being divergent.

Dr. Benyamin was quoted in a press release saying, “When visiting the nature versus nurture debate, there is overwhelming evidence that both genetic and environmental factors can influence traits and diseases. What is comforting is that, on average, about 50 percent of individual differences are genetic and 50 percent are environmental.”

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