Keeping up with H2O

Emily Gushrowski, Sports Reporter

A person’s body is about two thirds water.  When the water drops only a couple percents below that level, the person is experiencing dehydration.

Dehydration is the harmful reduction in the amount of water in the body.  When the body is experiencing dehydration, more water is moving out of cells and body than what is consumed through drinking.  Dehydration can lead to headaches, lethargy, and constipation.

Teens spend a large amount of their summer outside in the heat. They should be drinking enough water that balances with how much water has been sweated out.

Heat exhaustion is a mild form of heat illness caused by several days of sun exposure combined with high temperatures and lack of replacement fluids.  Heat exhaustion occurs when the body loses too much water and cannot cool itself.  The symptoms include, heavy sweating, fatigue, dizziness, weak pulse, and headache.

If heat exhaustion is not treated, it can develop into heat stroke.  Heat stroke is more dangerous than heat exhaustion, because the body’s temperature can rise above 104 degrees in a matter of minutes.  Symptoms of heat stroke include, flushed skin, rapid pulse, and dizziness.  A heat stroke requires medical assistance, because if not received then, the heart, muscles, kidneys, and brain can be damaged.

To relieve the symptoms of dehydration, more fluids should be consumed, but severe dehydration needs professional medical treatment.

Keeping up with fluids is not always difficult.  About 20 percent of a person’s water consumption comes from eating solid foods, especially fruits and vegetables.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email